What prevents people from making friends: A taxonomy of reasons

Menelaos Apostolou, Despoina Keramari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Friendship constitutes an important aspect of human experience. Yet, it is not always easy to make friends, and the current research aims to understand the reasons which constrain people from doing so. More specifically, using qualitative research methods, we identified 40 reasons which prevented people from making friends. Using quantitative research methods, we classified these reasons in six broader factors. The most important factor was “Low trust,” followed by the “Lack of time” and the “Introversion.” Significant sex-differences were found for three out of the six factors, with the largest one being in the “Low trust,” where women gave higher scores than men. Finally, we found significant age effects for almost all factors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110043
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2020


  • Difficulties in making friends
  • Evolution of friendship
  • Evolution of friendships
  • Friendship
  • Making friends


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